When patients are in a state of hyperthyroidism for long periods of time, they should rest. Hyperthyroidism places a burden on the heart and complications such as tachycardia and arrhythmia can easily develop. Vigorous exercise and activities that increase heart rate need to be restricted. However, if treatment is effective, patients can exercise and lead a normal life.
Patients do not need to follow any particular dietary restrictions. They may eat kelp and other seaweeds containing iodine, but should avoid consuming in excess.
Regular hospital visits are an important part of treatment. When patients are following drug regimens, any interruption of oral medication makes managing the disease difficult and complications can occur. Since thyroid function may decrease after isotope therapy, thyroid hormone replacement therapy and regular hospital visits are necessary. However, the frequency of hospital visits varies depending on the patient’s condition.
Smoking increases the risk of ophthalmopathy, reduces the therapeutic effects of antithyroid medications, and makes recurrence more likely. Therefore, we strongly recommend that patients stop smoking.